Mountain tourism in Cuba, climbing and hiking

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However, the various mountainous groups that are deployed throughout the island, from the Sierra Maestra to the east of the country, passing through the Escambray to the center and ending at La Sierra del Rosario in Pinar del Río in the westernmost part of Cuba, are full of attractions and places to enjoy mountain tourism.

Sierra del Rosario in Pinar del Río, Cuba 

This area of ​​Cuba, to the west of the country, millions of years ago was under the sea who covered it for centuries. At present, it is a valley where some of the most interesting rock formations of the Cuban mountain landscape stand out, known as "mogotes". Viñales has been taken by tobacco plantations and nature tourism as one of the main attractions. The beauty of the environment and the large number of small, medium and large elevations have established it as the center of practically all climbing activities in Cuba.
It currently has more than 400 routes equipped and developed throughout the valley. However, many of the rocks located there are virgin and no routes have been developed to climb them. One of the best known is "La Costanera", located towards the northern slope of the Sierra Ancón with a height of 125 meters.
Some tips for climbing in Viñales
You can opt for guided or self-guided work, for generally vertical walls or on the slopes of the mogotes. These heights do not usually have vegetation but they have, in many cases, the necessary anchors to accelerate and develop the climb.
You should be careful with wasps and mosquitoes, quite common in that area, so using a repellent would come in handy. I must alert you that the area does not have an immediate rescue body, in case of accidents, so you must take all possible measures. The section from the town of Viñales to this area can be done by walking. However, to go to the other climbing areas you will need a means of transport because they are at distances between 4 and 15 kilometers.

Viñales, Cuba
Go climbing in Jibacoa
Although Viñales is the most popular area to practice climbing in Cuba, Jibacoa is another that has been gaining relevance for this activity. So far, about 5 routes have been opened there, whose level of difficulty ranges from V + to 7 a / b.
This destination is not exactly the most popular when it comes to climbing, however, if you are also a sea lover you can combine climbing with others such as diving and snorkeling, in addition to paragliding; another of the sports practiced in Jibacoa.
More mountains, other attractions
Cuba is not just climbing. The good thing about mountain tourism is that it has many varieties, and almost all of them can be practiced on the island. If you love ecotourism and long walks on nature trails, then the eastern region is one of the best destinations to practice it.
There are paradises such as Alejandro de Humboldt Park and the Sierra Maestra mountain complex where the combination of green routes with the mountainous landscape will be fascinating.
Climb the Turquino Peak
The climb to Turquino Peak is probably one of the most strenuous and long in Cuba, not surprisingly this elevation is the largest on the island with 1,972 meters high. The climb of the Turquino Peak can be done in two ways: from the province of Granma and the second through Santiago de Cuba. In the first the route takes two days, while from the second the ascent and descent are made on the same day during a walk that lasts between 4 and 6 hours, depending on the pace and energies of the traveler.

Turquino Peak, Cuba