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Morro-Cabana Military Historical Park
The views from the Morro-Cabaña Military Historical Park over the city of Havana are spectacular. Likewise, making an excursion across the bay to discover its two old fortresses (the Castle of the Three Holy Kings of Morro and the Fortress of San Carlos de La Cabaña) is almost obligatory if you are passing through the city.
Castle of San Pedro de la Roca del Morro
The military fortress Castillo de San Pedro de la Roca, also known as “Castillo del Morro”, was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997 for its great historical and architectural value. Formerly it was known as the Piracy Museum, but it changed its name to adapt to the new contents of the museum more general and related to the environment in which it is located in Santiago de Cuba.
Castle of the Three Holy Kings of Morro
The Castle of the Three Holy Kings of Morro was erected between 1589 and 1630 with the purpose of protecting the entrance to the port of Havana from pirates and invaders. This fortress is perched on a rocky ledge, known as El Morro, over the Atlantic Ocean. The field master Juan de Texeda, and the military engineer Batista Antonelli were in charge of designing it by order of the king of Spain.
San Severino Castle
Located northwest of Versailles and built in 1735, the Castle of San Severino is a splendid crenellated fortress that was built following the Italian and French Renaissance patterns of the 16th and 17th centuries. It is considered the most important building in Cuba since the birth of the city of Matanzas.
The Bacardí Building is the first Art Deco building built in the city of Havana. Considered as an architectural jewel of the time and one of the best samples of decorative art, this building is located on Avenida de las Misiones, in Old Havana. Its construction was completed in 1930 and at that time it was the tallest building on the island. The building is said to contain marble and granite from almost every nation in Europe.
Fortress of San Carlos de la Cabana
The Fortress of San Carlos de la Cabaña is located on a hill to the east side of the port of Havana, in the Morro-Cabaña Military Historical Park. This colossal fortification was erected in the 18th century, between 1763 and 1774, in order to cover a weak point in the city's defenses.
Castle of San Salvador de La Punta
The Castle of San Salvador de La Punta stands on the Port of Havana, forming part of the defensive system formed by the four fortresses that defend the Bay of Havana. It was designed by Italian military engineer Giovanni Bautista Antonelli and was built between 1589 and 1600.
Castle of the Royal Force
The Castillo de la Real Fuerza is a great example of military architecture in times of Spanish rule in the Caribbean. It is located on the side that overlooks the sea of the Plaza de Armas, in Old Havana. Today, the castle, together with the rest of the fortifications of the city and the historic center, has been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.